SPD in pregnancy : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Welcome to our blog, Today we will know about SPD in Pregnancy in detail. SPD (Symphysis pubis dysfunction) also termed as interchangeably. We tried very well to describe types, symptoms, causes, treatment and exercises related to SPD in pregnancy. Know who are at Risk of having SPD ? There are some exercises that may help you get rid from Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction Pain. Read the entire blog to get valuable insights. Our specialists conducted thorough research before writing this blog. I am hoping you’ll find this site useful.

What is SPD (Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction)

SPD (Symphysis pubis dysfunction) Pregnancy can cause different types of aches and pain all over your body, including lower back and pelvic pain. This type of pain during and after pregnancy is called as PGP (Pelvic Girdle Pain) and is very common during pregnancy it effects 1 out of 5 women. SPD (Symphysis pubis dysfunction) also termed as interchangeably.

SPD is a condition in which the right and left pubic bones come together in the pelvic. It causes pain in your lower back and pelvic joints. This will not harm your baby but it can be extremely painful.

Symptoms of SPD (Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction)

The signs of SPD can may vary from different people in terms of presentation and seriousness. The most commonly experienced symptoms are:

  • Acute pain in the lower pubic area
  • Pain spreading to your thighs
  • In the areas between your anus and vagina
  • One or Both side of your lower back
  • Pain while rolling over a bed or bending forward

Sometimes pain may worsen when you’re :

  • Putting your weight on your one leg
  • While walking or Getting up from a chair
  • Going up or down stairs
  • Lifting something heavy
  • During Sexual Intercourse

Causes of SPD (Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction)

The most common cause of SPD is Pregnancy , because during pregnancy some hormones are released such as relaxing which loosen the ligaments and muscles of pelvic area, hips and stomach. Gestation hormones start to relax your joints and muscles in medication for you to give birth and, in doing so, can also loosen the symphysis pubis joint. This can cause Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction because the pelvic girdle crook in a way that hardly doesn’t.

This loosening is intended to increase your range of stir in order to help you give birth, but it also means that your joints can come unstable and more mobile than they  generally would be. This can beget discomfort or pain.

The baby’s weight and position are also allowed to affect pelvic pain. The symptoms of SPD tend to worsen as the gestation progresses. Although this loosening of pelvic girdle is meant to help during birth, You can start producing these hormones in early gestation occasionally. You may witness the symptoms of symphysis pubis dysfunction long before it’s time to give birth.

It’s much less common for SPD to  do outside of  gestation, but it does be. Other causes of SPD range from pelvic injuries to conditions like osteoarthritis. In some cases, there’s no given cause.

SPD with figure
SPD (Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction) with figure

Also read : What is Molar pregnancy ?

Medical Treatment for SPD

Beforehand opinion can be really helpful in controlling Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction. However, talk to your croaker or healthcare provider, If you are pregnant and passing pelvic pain. They ’ll be suitable to relate you to a physiotherapist who can assess the stability and strength of your joints and pelvic muscles. They ’ll also help you plan what conditioning you ’ll be suitable to do. Also keep in mind that SPD pain usually goes away after you give birth.

Physical Therapy is the first and best treatment for Symphysis Pubis Treatment. It helps you by improving your pain , muscles function , pubic bone flexibility.

A physiotherapist can give homemade remedy to insure that the joints in your pelvis, chine, and hips move typically. They ’ll also be suitable to offer you exercises to strengthen the muscles in your pelvic bottom, back, stomach, and hips.

Being in the water can take the stress off your joints and allow you to move more fluently. The physiotherapist will be suitable to give you suggestions on comfortable positions for coitus, labor, and birth.

Also read : What is an ectopic pregnancy ?

Exercise for Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction (SPD)

Gestation can affect numerous corridor of the body, but it most constantly affects the pelvis. Your pelvis changes shape as your gestation progresses. Occasionally the joints of your pelvis are stiff or don’t move at the same time, and this can beget pelvic pain. This condition is called symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD) or gestation- related pelvic belt pain. still, it can make your pelvis less stable, If your pelvic joints are moving inversely. As a result, moving, walking, and sitting can all be veritably painful.

There are some exercises that may help you get rid from Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction Pain : While symphysis pubis dysfunction doesn’t affect your gestation, it can make it delicate to complete everyday tasks. Exercises are meant to help by relieving from symphysis pubis dysfunction mostly focus mental and physical efforts on strengthening your pubis bone and abdominal muscles, which supports your pubic bone. As a result, you ’ll feel less pain and it’ll be easier to move around.

  • Back Stretches – To get relief from SPD pain and pressure on your pelvic try stretching your back that can help your pelvic joint move.
  • Side Stretches – It helps your pelvic by reducing its pressure.
  • Kegel Exercise – It is also known as Pelvic Floor Exercise. It helps in strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.
  • Inner Thigh Stretches – It helps to improve groin flexibility.
  • Pelvic Tilts – It is also called lumbar hyperlordosis. It help you loosen up tight muscles in your back, which can relieve pain in your pelvis.

There are some more home remedies and treatment to get relief from (SPD) Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction , your doctor might suggest these things also like :

  • To take rest
  • Painkiller medicines
  • Doing Massage
  • Exercise for muscles strengthening
  • Using Ice Pack or Heat Pads
  • By using comfortable and supportive pillows while sleeping or resting
  • Using a wheelchair or walker if the pain is severe affecting your flexibility.


So, In this blog we discussed what is SPD in pregnancy, causes, symptoms and treatment of it. I hope this article has been informative for you. It will undoubtedly aid you in raising awareness of pregnancy-related health issues.

Please share this blog with your friends and family if you enjoy it or if you think it will be helpful to you. Please read more about selfcare before and throughout pregnancy in our other articles on the website. Again, Before taking any action, Please consult with your health advisor. Thanks from our side.


What are the exercises to avoid with SPD ?

pushing or lifting large weights. exercises that require standing on one leg or spreading your legs widely, including certain aerobic workouts, yoga poses, or use of gym equipment. breaststroke during swimming. any pain-inducing activities.

When does SPD starts in pregnancy ?

The first pregnancy is when 74% of pregnancy-related SPD begins, followed by 12% in the first trimester, 34% in the second trimester, and 52% in the third.

Why is SPD worse at night ?

This is frequently caused by the fact that your buttock muscles, which serve as your pelvis’ primary stabilizers, are not highly active at night since they are resting.

How to relieve pubic bone pain ?

1. take NSAIDs.
2. wearing a pelvic support belt when pregnant.
3. putting on cozy shoes.
4. using an ice bag to your pelvic region.
5. using a pillow to support your legs as you sleep.
6. when you exit your vehicle, squeezing your legs together.

Is SPD curable ?

SPD symptoms can be managed. But you might not be able to stop it.

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