Baby Care Basics Class| A Guide for First Time Parents
Babies are a big bundle of joy. There is nothing about them that you cannot love with their cute smile and soft skin. But it can be very daunting for the parents to handle all the needs of the newborn.
Firstborn babies especially are very troublesome to maintain as the parents don’t have any idea on how to deal with it. In this baby care basics article, I’m going to give you some tips to make your life for you and your baby much easier.
In that regard, it is entirely okay to get help when you think you need it, whether it is from a close family relative or friend, a professional baby nurse or just some online reading here and there.
You need to keep in mind that your mental health is just as important as taking care of the baby and if you are not in the right state of mind, you won’t be able to give your complete focus to the child.
After going through months of pregnancy, reading up on baby care and going through labor, when you finally go home with your new family member, it’s not unnatural to feel nervous.
When it comes to baby care, everybody has to start from the beginning, and our guide to basic baby caring will help you understand how to understand the needs of a toddler.
Baby Care Basics class
The three essentials that you need to know about taking care of your baby is feeding, sleeping, and diaper change.
These are the primary reasons for a baby fussing or crying. Giving attention to these elements will help you understand your babies’ needs and keep them calm and healthy.
Breast milk is the primary source of nutrients for a newborn baby. A newborn baby needs to be fed around 8 to 12 times daily. You need to look for signs when your baby is hungry. Some early signs of when a baby wants to feed include, sucking on fists, smacking lips or moving hands to its mouth.
As the baby grows, you can switch to bottle and infant formula. The amount of milk the baby needs also will decrease over time.
When your baby is done feeding, you should wait a minute and rub your hand on its back to make it burp. After burping always check if the baby wants more milk.
A newborn baby spends the utmost of its time napping and waking up in between to feed. It is vital for parents to recognize their babies’ sleeping patterns.
Babies don’t understand the difference between day and night and will often wake up in the middle of the night crying. In most cases, this means that the baby needs to be fed or needs a diaper change.
You need to look for signs when the baby wants to sleep. Some common symptoms are rubbing their eyes, yawning or maybe even fussing. Whenever you see your baby doing any of these things, you need to prepare him for sleep.
In the case of newborns, swaddling is a good idea as it replicates the feeling of the womb for the baby. You should stop swaddling after six months when the baby develops strong enough muscles to roll over in sleep.
Babies generally sleep for around 14 to 17 hours daily. But because of their small stomach, they need to wake up every 3 to 4 hours to feed. After about six months, they develop a more regular sleeping pattern.
With frequent naps, the baby can sleep through the night at this stage. The hours of sleeping time also decreases over time.
Diaper rashes that occur due to unchanged dirty diapers can make the child uncomfortable along with unwanted problems in the babies’ body.
Anytime a diaper gets wet or soiled; it needs to be changed. While changing the diaper, you need to make sure the baby is cleaned thoroughly and dried.
If you are using a cloth diaper for the baby, you need to soak it in vinegar solution after rinsing it. To get rid of soap and ammonia residue on the diaper, you need to do two more rinses following the vinegar soaking. This rinsing will prevent any type of diaper rashes that might occur using a cloth diaper.
If your baby does develop a diaper rash, you should call a specialist. Most of the diaper rashes can be treated with fresh air and warm water rinsing for three days. However, proper diaper care and frequent change can prevent diaper rashes for your baby.
Things to Look Out For
Apart from feeding, sleeping, and diaper changes, there are many other things that you have to give attention to when it comes to baby care. Every baby is different, and because of that, you need to have all of your bases covered.
Sneezing is very common in babies as it is how they clear dust, wool, or mucus from their nostrils.
Newborn babies primarily breathe through the nose, and sneezing is nothing to worry about. However, if you see a fever or cough, it should be checked out by a doctor.
Hiccups are also a common occurrence in a baby and are nothing to worry about. Baby hiccups reduce as they grow older, and it will stop on their own. Feeding the baby for a few minutes generally, reduce the hiccups.
It is not the same as vomiting, and babies are usually untroubled by it. It is very common for babies after feeding, and it is not painful. Occasionally the baby may spit up for no reason, and you should not be alarmed by it.
Finger and Toenails
You should trim the nails of a baby once every week after a bath. There are baby scissors or files available which are not irritating for the soft fingers of a baby. If the nails are left unchecked, the baby can scratch or cut itself. Cutting the nails while the baby is sleeping is a good idea.
In a Nutshell
You should never shy away from getting help from a babysitter if you are having trouble handling the baby on your own. Taking time to learn how to take care of the baby is a part of being a good parent.
The above guidelines should help you understand the needs of your baby and teach you the baby care basics to care for them properly.